A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that alters the way your brain functions. The Effects are usually temporary but can include headaches and problems with concentration, memory, balance and coordination.
The signs and symptoms of a concussion can be subtle and may not appear for days or weeks after the injury has taken place. In some cases, a concussion causes instant loss of consciousness, but a child can also appear to be fine and gradually show symptoms as time goes by.
Symptoms of a concussion include:
- Difficulty Concentrating
- Memory Loss
Younger children can have similar symptoms as older children but can be more difficult to detect. Symptoms in younger children include:
- Crying more than usual
- Changes in the way they play or act
- Loss of balance and trouble walking
- Temper tantrums
- Changes in the way they nurse, eat, or sleep
What Does the Brain Experience During a Concussion?
The brain is an organ that is situated within the skull. It is a floating organ that is surrounded by cerebral spinal fluid, which assists in absorbing the shock of minor impacts or accidents. When a hard collision occurs, the brain moves in a rapid motion within the conclusion – this is a concussion. One common situation that results in a concussion is a direct impact to the head or a whiplash experience. The impact forces the head to move in a rapidly-accelerating motion, causing the brain to collide with the walls of the skull. A rotational concussion occurs when the head rapidly rotates from one side to the other, the brain tissues become strained. This causes damage to the neural pathways in the brain.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Your doctor will evaluate your signs and symptoms and may conduct the following exams:
After your doctor gathers specific information about your injury the following exam may be performed. This evaluation includes checking your:
Brain imaging can determine how severe the injury is and if any brain damage has been caused. A CT scan will generate images of your skull and brain and an MRI will produce throughout images of your brain.
Treatment for a concussion depends on the severity of your symptoms. Surgery or different medical procedures may be considered if there is extreme brain injury. However, most concussions won’t require major medical treatment.
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